According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.9 square miles (23.0 km²), of which, 8.8 square miles (22.8 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.56%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,959 people, 1,288 households, and 812 families residing in the city. The population density was 335.6 per square mile (129.5/km²). There were 1,392 housing units at an average density of 157.9/sq mi (60.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.53% White, 0.95% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.78% of the population. 18.7% were of Italian, 14.7% German, 10.0% French, 9.3% Polish, 7.5% Swedish, 7.1% English and 5.6% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 1,288 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 19.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,059, and the median income for a family was $37,533. Males had a median income of $31,595 versus $21,350 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,681. About 7.5% of families and 10.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.2% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2000, there were 30,115 people, 11,169 households, and 7,460 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,808.1 per square mile (1,857.4/km²). There were 12,013 housing units at an average density of 1,918.0/sq mi (740.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 25.14% White, 67.51% African American, 0.41% Native American, 3.42% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.74% from other races, and 2.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.60% of the population.