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Old February 12th, 2008, 04:43 AM   #12
Scofflaw
We are all Socialists Now
 
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Join Date: 04-11-06
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Bits from the CFR's report
these are some of their recomendations

Develop a North American Border Pass. The three countries
should develop a secure North American Border Passwith biometric
identifiers. This document would allow its bearers expedited passage
through customs, immigration, and airport security throughout the
region. The program would be modeled on the U.S.-Canadian
‘‘NEXUS’’ and the U.S.-Mexican ‘‘SENTRI’’ programs, which

Expand border infrastructure. While trade has nearly tripled
across both borders since the Canadian-U.S. Free Trade Agreement
(FTA) and NAFTA were implemented, border customs facilities
and crossing infrastructure have not kept pace with this increased
demand. Even if 9/11 had not occurred, trade would be choked at
the border. There have been significant new investments to speed
processing along both theCanadian-U.S. andMexican-U.S. borders,
but not enough to keep up with burgeoning demand and additional
security requirements.

Lay the groundwork for the freer flow of people withinNorth
America. The three governments should commit themselves to
the long-term goal of tically diminishing the need for the
current intensity of the governments’ physical control of cross-border
traffic, travel, and trade within North America. A long-term goal
for a North American border action plan should be joint screening
of travelers from third countries at their first point of entry into North
America and the elimination of most controls over the temporary
movement of these travelers within North America.

Enhance the capacity of the North American Development
Bank (NADBank).NADBank was conceived to support environmental
infrastructure projects within 100 kilometers on both sides
of the Mexican-U.S. border. After a slow start, NADBank has done
importantwork over recent years, and itsmandate has been expanded
recently to cover 300 kilometers into Mexico. However, to achieve
its full potential, the U.S. and Mexican governments should
(1) expand NADBank’smandate to include other infrastructure sectors,
particularly transportation; (2) permit it to access domestic capital
marketsand apply credit enhancementtools; (3) support the establishment
of revolving funds through both grants and soft loans throughout
its jurisdiction; and (4) strengthen its technical assistance programs
to promote good governance and creditworthiness of communities
and public utilities. Finally, NADBank’s internal procedures and the

NAFTA allowed duty-free access within the region, but because
of different rates charged by each country on imports from other
countries, it required cumbersome proof of North American origin in
order to qualify for NAFTA access. These rules can raise transaction
costs to the point that some shippers choose to pay the multilateral tariff
rate instead. In addition, although the dispute-resolution mechanisms
provided by NAFTA have proven a reliable means for resolving most
trade disputes, they have been incapable of dealing with important and
controversial problems regarding softwood lumber, sugar, and a few
other products.

Establish a Seamless North American Market for Trade
With tariff barriers virtually eliminated, and the outlines of a North
American economy visible, the time has come to take a more comprehensive
approach to strengthening the economic prospects for citizens
in all three countries. The first step is to encourage convergence in the
most-favored-nation tariff rates each partner charges on imports from
outside North America. Next, the governments should reduce the
remaining nontariff barriers to the flow of goods and services, and
address problems arising from charges of price discrimination and subsidization
by competitors in North America. Finally, they should coordinate
their approach to unfair trade practices by foreign suppliers to the
North American market. The ultimate goal should be to create a
seamless market for suppliers and consumers throughout North
America.

Open skies and open roads. The efficiency of the transportation
network is critical to making North America a more competitive
place to invest and to produce, and in spreading the benefits of
economic growth to all corners of the continent. Among other
regulatory reforms, governments should consider the benefits of
allowing North American transportation firms unlimited access to
each others’ territory, including provision for full cabotage (trade
between two points within a country; for example, a Canadian
trucker hauling freight from Chicago to Los Angeles or an American
airline carrying passengers betweenMexico City and Monterrey)
for airlines and surface carriers

Expand temporary migrant worker programs. Canada and the
United States should expand programs for temporary labor migration
from Mexico. For instance, Canada’s successful model for managing
seasonal migration in the agricultural sector should be expanded to
other sectors where Canadian producers face a shortage of workers
and Mexico may have a surplus of workers with appropriate skills.
Canadian and U.S. retirees living in Mexico should be granted
working permits in certain fields, for instance as English teachers.

• Implement the Social Security Totalization Agreement
negotiated between the United States andMexico. This agreement
would recognize payroll contributions to each other’s systems,
thus preventing double taxation.

The whole document is right here
http://http://www.cfr.org/publication/8102

This is just how the EU started
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