When I was in high school... we didn't really get into the scientific logic, or methods used to validate the evolutionary theory. Teachers just talked about it's implications.
I don't know if that is true today... but everyone is saying we are taught darwins theory just to learn about the scientific method; then that is complete BS. You can learn about that 10,000 other less contriversial ways.
We don't understand our bodies at even the most minute cellular level... but we don't teach our kids that pieces of atoms can come and go as they please (a big well documented theory in quantum physics) we just say... we don't know.